Craiova is Romania’s 7th largest city and capital of Dolj County, situated near the east bank of the river Jiu in central Oltenia. It is a longstanding political center, and is located at approximately equal distances from the Southern Carpathians (north) and the River Danube (south). Craiova is the chief commercial city west of Bucharest and the most important city of Oltenia. The city prospered as a regional trading center despite an earthquake in 1790, a plague in 1795, and a Turkish assault in 1802 during which it was burned.
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